Escola Paulista de Medicina
Programa de Posgraduación en Farmacología

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa that presents antipsychotic, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects. In Parkinson’s disease patients, CBD is able to attenuate the psychotic symptoms induced by L

cover003The aim of the present study was to characterize the mechanism underlying estrogen effects on the androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line PC-3. 17β-estradiol and the ERβ-selective agonist DPN, but not the ERα-selective agonist PPT, increased the incorporation of [methyl-3H]thymidine and the expression of Cyclin D2, suggesting that ERβ mediates the proliferative effect of estrogen on PC-3 cells. In addition, upregulation of Cyclin D2 and incorporation of [methyl-3H]thymidine induced by 17β-estradiol and DPN were blocked by the ERβ-selective antagonist PHTPP in PC-3 cells. Upregulation of Cyclin D2 and incorporation of [methyl-3H]thymidine induced by DPN were also blocked by PKF118-310, a compound that disrupts β-catenin-TCF (T-cell-specific transcription factor) complex, suggesting the involvement of β-catenin in the estradiol effects in PC-3 cells. A diffuse immunostaining for non-phosphorylated β-catenin was detected in the cytoplasm of PC-3 cells. Low levels of non-phosphorylated β-catenin immunostaining were also detected near the plasma membrane and in nuclei. Treatment of PC-3 cells with 17β-estradiol or DPN markedly increased non-phosphorylated β-catenin expression. These effects were blocked by pretreatment with the ERβ-selective antagonist PHTPP, PI3K inhibitor Wortmannin or AKT inhibitor MK-2206, indicating that ERβ-PI3K/AKT mediates non-phosphorylated β-catenin expression. Cycloheximide blocked the DPN-induced upregulation of non-phosphorylated β-catenin, suggesting de novo synthesis of this protein. In conclusion, these results suggest that estrogen may play a role in androgen-independent prostate cancer cell proliferation through a novel pathway, involving ERβ-mediated activation of β-catenin.

Artigos Relacionados

09 Jun 2017 10:17

Dal Mas, C., Moreira, J.T., Pinto, S., Monte, G.G., Nering, M.B., Oliveira, E.B., Gazarini, M.L., [ ... ]

Artigos Cientificos
28 Sep 2021 17:01

Almeida V, Levin R, Peres FF, Suiama MA, Vendramini AM, Santos CM, Silva ND, Zuardi AW, Hallak JEC, Crippa [ ... ]

Artigos Cientificos
28 Sep 2021 16:50

Giglio P, Gagliardi M, Tumino N, Antunes F, Smaili S, Cotella D, Santoro C, Bernardini R, Mattei M, Piacentini [ ... ]

Artigos Cientificos


© 2013 a 2021 - Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Unifesp
Instituto de Farmacologia e Biologia Molecular - Rua Três de Maio, 100 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo - SP - ppg.farmacologia@unifesp.br

 

Please publish modules in offcanvas position.